Colombia – a country associated with beauty, mystery, tropical warmth and endless bounty. The natural riches found within its borders aren’t found here by chance, however. It’s Colombia’s rugged, broken and unique geography that makes it one of the world’s most diverse countries, a treasure trove of biological evolution, where this same geography has created many restricted range species, found across Colombia’s 5 main geographical regions – Andean, Pacific, Caribbean, Llanos (plains) and Amazon. This vast array of landscapes and ecosystems makes a wildlife watching tour to Colombia an essential trip for any discerning wildlife enthusiast. Additionally there are also those special ecosystems that Colombia has almost to itself, such as the tropical savannahs of the Llanos (or Eastern Plains) that only exist in Colombia and Venezuela, covering an area larger than Nepal, or the Paramo – a high altitude tundra recently proven to be the fastest-evolving ecosystem on Earth, with its other-worldly plants and extreme climate.
The word ‘Colombia’ sparks imagination and wonder when mentioned in birding circles. It is the mecca for neo-tropical birding, being home to 1,932 recorded species (over 1,950 unofficially recorded) with more being found each week as the country’s vast territory is explored during this time of transition and peace. This startling amount represents close to 20% of the world’s total number of birds. Among this mouth-watering list there are at least 84 ‘country endemics’ found in Colombia’s various isolated geo-regions and ecosystems, the evolutionary results of the complex and extreme Andean topography, its role as the bio-bridge between North, Central and South America and its 1,000-mile Caribbean and Pacific coastlines.
During this tour you’ll explore the biodiversity hotspot of the highlands of many regions of Colombia, starting in the Eastern Andes The Amazonian piedmont in Putumayo, one of the most biodiverse areas of our country and also one of the last biological corridors between the Andes and the Amazon. Back to the Andes, to the Central mountain range where volcanic soils have shaped and given life to this lush environment; and finally, the incredible north coast in the lowlands of Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, where you will visit the unique and endangered ecosystem of tropical dry forest in Tayrona National Park.. Colombia is here, slowly but surely making a claim to being one of the world’s most exciting emerging wildlife watching destinations.